How climate change is fueling insurgency in Nigeria-Report
London, Dec. 17, 2019 (AltAfrica)– The Boko Haram insurgency began in 2009, when a jihadist group, Boko Haram started an armed rebellion against the government of Nigeria
After years of fighting, the insurgents became increasingly aggressive, and started to seize large areas in northeastern of the country, maiming and killing innocent citizens
Experts say climate change is a key factor fueling the insurgency that has claimed thousands of live
The insurgency, which is aimed at creating an Islamic State in North East Nigeria, is responsible for one of the worst humanitarian crisis in the world.
North East Nigeria used to be peaceful with more than 50 percent of the population making a living from farming, fishing and livestock production.
Many people in the region lost their livelihoods following increasing aridity caused by climate change, this, experts argued made many become vulnerable to being recruited by Boko Haram.
In this edition of Voices from the Global South, Sam Olukoya of Inter Press Service reports from Maiduguri.
Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and among its most diverse with over 400 ethnolinguistic groups The country is affected by several conflicts based on overlapping ethnic, religious, political and regional divisions including over resources in the Niger Delta, Christian-Muslim divides in the middle of the country, and most recently, the rise of Islamist groups in the north, most importantly, Boko Haram
Boko Haram (‘Western education is a sin’) was founded around in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state and largest city in Northeast Nigeria
At least at its inception, the main tenet among its followers was regime change in Nigeria as they believe democratic and secular rule is in contradiction to Shariah