Ivory Coast sign concession agreement for the largest biomass plant in West Africa
London, Dec. 12, 2019 (AltAfrica)-The largest biomass plant is coming to West Africa courtesy of consortium composed of EDF, Meridiam and Biokala (a subsidiary of SIFCA) and the Ivorian government
The parties on Monday, December 09, 2019, in Abidjan, signed a concession contract for the design, financing , the construction and operation of a 46 MW biomass plant.
With a total cost of € 200 million, this facility, which will be cited in the Aboisso commune (east of Abidjan), will be the largest in West Africa and will meet the electricity needs of the region. equivalent of 1.7 million people a year.
The project will also help reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 4.5 million tonnes of CO2 and create at least 500 local jobs.
The fuel for the power plant will come from palm leaf residues from the local culture, and will contribute to the fight against deforestation and extensive agriculture by promoting good agricultural practices and increased yields in village plantations.
The construction of this plant is part of Côte d’Ivoire’s National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2014-2030, which aims to reach 42% of its energy mix from renewable energies. horizon 2030.
The start-up of this plant is scheduled for mid-2020 and the infrastructure is expected to start in 2023.
Compared to conventional silage plants, biogas plants are proven by research to be up to three times faster and more efficient. The two-stage AD biomass power plant will be 30% more efficient according to CleanLeap
The waste is first converted into biogas in the absence of oxygen and then this gas is burned in gas engines to produce heat and electricity.
Biomass power plants will not only help provide energy to those populations without access, but also will reduce the need to collect wood and burn/buy charcoal.
This translates to a reduction of energy expenditure if power from the plants is cheaper. Use of wood and charcoal is not only an expensive source of power and a health hazard, but is also associated with deforestation.
In particular, it is expected to contribute up to 83% of deforestation in 2030, and a 4-26% increase in biogas production in 2030 could cut down deforestation by an equivalent of 9-35%.
Biogas power generation can also help cut down carbon emissions by displacing fuel-generated power from grids.